In vitro fertilization (IVF)
Since 1978, when the first successful pregnancy using in vitro fertilization was reported, millions of babies have been born worldwide through assisted reproductive technology.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) includes fertilization techniques which take place outside the human body in a specialized embryology laboratory. Compared to the method of artificial insemination (AI), a procedure during which the sperm is placed into the uterus, IVF has more chances of successful conception as the number of ova, or eggs, is larger.
According to current regulations, before couples begin to try IVF, they should undergo thorough blood prenatal testing. These necessary examinations not only protect the parents’ and the embryos’ health, but they also ensure that the birth of a child with Mediterranean anemia is prevented.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) – Basic steps
Once all these tests have been completed, the couple can move on with the procedure which consists of the following stages:
- Ovarian stimulation protocols- Multiple ovulation induction
- Sperm preparation
- Egg retrieval
- Embryo Transfer
- Pregnancy test