The first hysteroscopy on a human was performed in 1869 by Pantaleoni. Since then things have drastically changed. Telescopes with specialized lenses, as well as fluids used to expand the endometrial cavity have made hysteroscopy a standard procedure.
After the 1970s, hysteroscopy has developed considerably and is regularly used in the diagnosis and effective treatment of most endometrial diseases.
Hysteroscopy is a method in which a thorough inspection of the uterine cavity is made, and is one of the most reliable ways to diagnose and treat female infertility. It is a minimally invasive method which requires no incisions. Short length of the procedure, minimal postoperative pain and quick recovery are the most important advantages of hysteroscopy.