What is laparoscopic surgery?
Laparoscopic surgery is the most common endoscopic gynaecologic procedure performed. It is a technique in which operations are performed through small incisions (1-2 cm), without the need to use a scalpel or to open up abdominal walls. A telescopic camera and special instruments are inserted through the incisions into the abdominal cavity. This way the whole procedure is displayed on TV monitors and every single detail is recorded.
Minimally invasive surgery has emerged as the ultimate goal for surgeons worldwide and therefore laparoscopy could not stray from the path. Its great advantages to the patients lie in smaller incisions and reduced pain which lead to a smooth recovery and a faster return to everyday life.
In addition, it has been clinically and experimentally proved that laparoscopic surgery does not cause adhesions, an essential fact for protecting a woman’s fertility. Moreover, the aesthetic outcome is excellent.
For almost 20 years now, 80% of gynaecologic operations are performed laparoscopically, with proponents of the technique advocating that patients subjected to open surgery could undergo laparoscopic surgery instead.
Until recently laparoscopy was not recommended to patients with a background of abdominal operations or in cases of obesity. Nowadays, though, with the latest developments in laparoscopic surgery, these contraindications are no longer a barrier and every patient is evaluated separately.
There is a wide range of gynaecologic diseases that can be treated with laparoscopic surgery such as:
- ovarian cysts
- hysterectomy (removal of female reproductive organs)
- ectopic pregnancy
- adhesions in fallopian tubes