There are women who, despite having their ovaries, do not have a uterus or face uterine disorders. The solution for them is gestational surrogacy, which requires the involvement of a third party, the surrogate mother.
The surrogate mother carries the embryo (or embryos) created by IVF using the egg and sperm of the intended parents. Basically, it is just another form of IVF and success rates range from 30% to 70%. In general, the younger a woman giving her egg to a surrogate mother is, the higher the success rates are.
Gestational surrogacy has been performed in Greece since 2005. According to existing legislation, intended parents must first be granted legal permission from the court for another woman to carry their genetic material. A prerequisite for the court to issue consent is that the surrogate mother should not exceed the age of fifty. Nevertheless, sometimes the law can be flexible in age issues, if the National Independent Authority for Medically Assisted Reproduction decides there are reasons for it.
If the court issues consent, surrogacy agreement may proceed. As for ethical issues of the procedure, surrogate mothers, most times, give birth by C-section. Giving birth to a child is always accompanied by emotional bonding, which in this case is absent since the baby does not belong to the woman giving birth.
Gestational surrogacy is an act of altruism, bringing happiness to people who cannot have children.