Causes of male infertility

An organism’s health reflects on someone’s fertility too. Proper diet and physical exercise increase chances of healthy and normal sperm. However, there are plenty of factors which favour male infertility. Most important of them are:

  • Acquired or congenital hormonal disorders in hypophysis and hypothalamus
  • Cryptorchidism: incomplete descent of one or both testicles in the scrotum
  • Inflammations in testicles, prostate and epididymis/li>
  • Varicocele: defective valves within the veins lead to rise of temperature in the area and affect sperm. Fortunately, it is operable and can be treated effectively.
  • Smoking: it is the key factor which drastically reduces the number and lifespan of the spermatozoa
  • Excessive exercise: physical exercise enhances the health of the sperm. On the other hand, too much exercise, which very often is combined with anabolic steroids, reduces testosterone secretion. This fact causes the number of spermatozoa to drop.
  • Illicit drugs
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Poor diet
  • Vitamin C deficiency C
  • Tight clothes and underwear
  • Dangerous environment (x- rays, epidemic, lead, toxic chemicals and waste)
  • Specific medicine, such as macrolides, nitrofurans (antibiotics), Ketoconazole (antimycotic), Sulfasalazine (antidiarrhoeal) and Azulfidine (ulcerative colitis)
  • Injuries in the testicles
  • Various sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia
  • Exposure to very high temperature and high fever
  • Chromosome abnormalities
  • Being under great stress

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