Female infertility

The female reproductive organs are the uterus, the fallopian tubes and the ovaries. Approximately half of infertile women have been proved to have problems in the fallopian tubes, while 40% have ovulation problems

A smaller percentage of women (10%) face uterine disorders, and in some cases, despite constant medical attention and testing, causes of infertility cannot be defined. The primary factor greatly affecting a woman’s ability to reproduce is age. At the age of 25, a woman has 25% chances of achieving pregnancy per menstrual cycle.

As time passes, unfortunately this rate drops drastically: after the age of 35 it drops by 5-10% and at the same time, miscarriage rates rise considerably. It is estimated that one out of every three women in her 40s has a spontaneous miscarriage a while after conception.

Time favours several pathological conditions (salpingitis, endometriosis). In addition, the number of follicles and eggs that exist in a woman’s ovaries from birth drops substantially. This fact and “ageing” of the eggs cause certain chromosomal abnormalities which have a negative effect on fertility.

In general, causes of female infertility fall into these categories:

Problems in pelvis and fallopian tubes:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Adhesions
  • Endometriosis
  • Hydrosalpinx
  • Congenital abnormalities

Ovulation problems:

  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Early menopause
  • Thyroid gland disorder
  • Chemotherapy- Radiotherapy
  • Oophorectomy (ovary removal surgery)
  • Stress
  • Obesity

Other causes of infertility:

  • Cervical dysfunction
  • Uterine problems (polyp, fibroids, inflammations)
  • Immunological factors
  • Chromosomal abnormalities

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